In Belgium, food manufacturers and farmers jointly developed an Integrated Quality Management Standard for the arable crops and horticulture sectors. Some criteria in the Standard are designed to avoid food waste (e.g. storage conditions that keep crops fresher for longer).
Meanwhile, a number of members of the Dutch food and drink association (FNLI) cooperate with farmers in plant breeding and spoilage prevention before, during and after harvest. For instance, breeding potatoes that have the right shape for crisps or chips helps avoid unnecessary losses during peeling and cutting in order to reduce post-harvest losses.